*Students graduating with a B.A. or B.S. in Physics should be able to:*

• Apply the basic laws of physics in the areas of classical mechanics, Newtonian gravitation, special relativity, electromagnetism, geometrical and physical optics, quantum mechanics, thermodynamics and statistical mechanics.

• Recognize how observation, experiment and theory work together to continue to expand the frontiers of knowledge of the physical universe.

• Apply basic mathematical tools commonly used in physics, including elementary probability theory, differential and integral calculus, vector calculus, ordinary differential equations, partial differential equations, and linear algebra.

• Use basic laboratory data analysis techniques, including distinguishing statistical and systematic errors, propagating errors, and representing data graphically.

• Convert a physical situation articulated in English to a mathematical formulation, and then analyze it quantitatively.

• Exercise the use of physical intuition, including the ability to guess an approximate or conceptual answer to a physics problem and recognize whether or not the result of a calculation makes physical sense.

• Access information on a topic from a variety of sources, and be able to learn new things on one’s own.

*In addition, students graduating with a B.S. should be able to:*

• Apply more advanced mathematical tools, including Fourier series and transforms, abstract linear algebra, and functions of a complex variable.

• Use classic experimental techniques and modern measurement technology, including analog electronics, computer data acquisition, laboratory test equipment, optics, lasers, and detectors.

• Communicate verbally, graphically, and/or in writing the results of theoretical calculations and laboratory experiments in a clear and concise manner that incorporates the stylistic conventions used by physicists worldwide.